Freedom of expression is so hotly defended in western culture by virtue of its implications in government, democracy and religion past leaders of government, like stalin and hitler for example, were dictators in favor of freedom of speech for views they liked only. The freedom of expression in western culture is not absolute it has limits the disagreement between europeans and muslims is about where the limits should be so no your freedom of expression is not a sacred western value.
Freedom, the first of two planned volumes, is patterson’s attempt to explain why one culture valued liberty while so many others did not his effort is of particular interest, given how long it took for freedom–with the concomitant protection of democratic electoral processes, economic opportunity, and human rights–to finally advance in africa, asia, and the one-time soviet empire.
Freedom of speech and expression, therefore, may not be recognized as being absolute, and common limitations to freedom of speech relate to libel, slander, obscenity, pornography, sedition, incitement, fighting words, classified information, copyright violation, trade secrets, food labeling, non-disclosure agreements, the right to privacy, the right to be forgotten, public security, and perjury. The owen report says we may not like what an artist tells us but we must give him the freedom of expression or our cultures become simply safe and predictable going global is definitely an advantage to fossilized societies as long as this does not mean going western this is more evident if such freedom of expression is homegrown rather. Culture & self-expression 2 the right to freedom of expression is justified first of all as the right of an individual purely in his capacity as an individual it derives from the widely accepted premise of western thought that the proper end of man is the realization of his character and potentialities as a human being (thomas emerson, 1963. It is striking that when the bigotry of a far-right figure is verbally challenged, their apologists will screech that freedom of speech is under attack for the far right, “freedom of speech” means “the right to say hateful things without being challenged” but those on the far right do not believe in freedom at all.
One’s selfhood and thus, freedom of expression becomes a powerful sign of individual freedom as the value of freedom and individuality are core ideals that define individualist cultures, self-expression, defined as “assertion of one’s individual traits (merriam-webster dictionary),” is strongly valued in these cultures.
The country that was least supportive of free expression was senegal, with a median score of 206 burkina faso, with 294, was the only other african country to appear in the bottom 10 other countries with a low tolerance of freedom of expression were jordan (253), pakistan (278), ukraine (285), vietnam (296), lebanon (316) and japan (327. The researchers compiled a list of the 38 countries based on their answers to five questions about freedom of speech and freedom of the press, with answers ranging from 0 for where they are least supportive of freedom of expression and 8 for where they are most supportive they then calculated a median score for each country.
Other countries with a low tolerance of freedom of expression were jordan (253), pakistan (278), ukraine (285), vietnam (296), lebanon (316) and japan (327) it’s worth remembering that freedom of speech is enshrined in the constitution of the united states – the first amendment offers protection of public speech.
It could have been possible to title this panel session “culture and democracy” or “culture and human rights” seeing the organic link between our desire as human beings but more so people of the arts to expand our spaces of freedom of expression beyond the limitations imposed on us by our value systems or ecosystems.