A brief explanation of the two elements that need to proven for someone to be convicted of a crime 'mens rea' and 'actus reus' of course, it's more complicated than that becauseactually just.
Actus reus: latin for ''guilty act'' is the voluntary act that is at the core of a crime mens rea : latin for ''guilty mind''is the evil state of mind of the person committing the guilty act. Mens rea as an element of criminal responsibility, a guilty mind a guilty or wrongful purpose a criminal intent guilty knowledge and wilfulness a fundamental principle of criminal law is that a crime consists of both a mental and a physical element.
If mens rea is to be proven by the prosecution, it must moreover establish that mens rea existed at the time of the actus reus at times whether the actus reus and mens rea concurred may not be apparent. Thus, the actus reus and mens rea of homicide in a modern criminal statute can be considered as follows: actus reus : any conduct resulting in the death of another individual mens rea : intent or knowledge that the conduct would result in the death. Actus reus is the latin term used to describe a criminal act every crime must be considered in two parts-the physical act of the crime ( actus reus ) and the mental intent to do the crime ( mens rea ).
For example, if a child is not provided with adequate food or clothing (omission), this is the actus reus of that crime the second exemption is duty arising from special relationships r v gibbins and proctor (1918), ruled that a man and his wife were guilty of murder by failing to feed the man’s daughter.
Mens rea is only one of two components of a crime, the other being the actus reus the actus reus looks at the physical component of a crime, whereas the mens rea looks at the mental element of a crime.
• actus reus refers to the physical aspect of a crime while mens rea refers to the mental aspect • the latin term for ‘a guilty act’, actus reus refers to the actions of the defendant thus, it either represents the conduct and/or the consequences that follow as a result of the conduct.